Connecting to a SignalR Hub using JavaScript: A Step-by-Step Tutorial

Connecting to a SignalR Hub using JavaScript A Step-by-Step Tutorial

SignalR is a powerful library for building real-time web applications. It allows you to easily add real-time functionality to your application, such as chat, notifications, and live updates. This tutorial will walk you through the process of setting up a SignalR Hub and connecting to it using JavaScript.

Step 1: Create a new ASP.NET Core Web Application

The first step is to create a Hub. A Hub is a class that acts as a bridge between the client and the server. It allows you to call methods on the server from the client and vice versa.

First, we need to create a new ASP.NET Core Web Application. Open Visual Studio and select "Create a new project." Select the "ASP.NET Core Web Application" template and name your project. In this tutorial, we'll name it "SignalRHub."

Step 2: Install the SignalR Package

Next, we need to install the SignalR package. Open the "Package Manager Console" and run the following command:

Install-Package Microsoft.AspNetCore.SignalR

Step 3: Create a SignalR Hub

Now, let's create a SignalR hub. In the "SignalRHub" project, create a new folder called "Hubs" and add a new class called "ChatHub" to it. This class will inherit from "Hub."
using Microsoft.AspNetCore.SignalR;

public class ChatHub : Hub
    public async Task SendMessage(string user, string message)
        await Clients.All.SendAsync("ReceiveMessage", user, message);

In this example, we're creating a simple chat application. The "SendMessage" method is called when a client sends a message, and it sends the message to all clients connected to the hub using the "Clients.All" property.

Step 4: Configure the SignalR Hub

Next, we need to configure the SignalR hub in the "Startup" class. In the "ConfigureServices" method, add the following line:

In the "Configure" method, add the following line:

app.UseEndpoints(endpoints =>

This will map the "ChatHub" to the "/chat" endpoint.

Step 5: Connect to the SignalR Hub using JavaScript

Finally, we can connect to the SignalR hub using JavaScript. In your HTML file, add the following script to the head section:

<script src=""></script>

This will load the SignalR JavaScript library. Next, add the following script to connect to the hub:

    var connection = new signalR.HubConnectionBuilder()

    connection.on("ReceiveMessage", function (user, message) {
        var msg = message.replace(/&/g, "&amp;").replace(/</g, "&lt;").replace(/>/g, "&>");
        var encodedMsg = user + " says " + msg;
        var li = document.createElement("li");
        li.textContent = encodedMsg;

    connection.start().catch(function (err) {
        return console.error(err.toString());

    document.getElementById("sendButton").addEventListener("click", function (event) {
        var user = document.getElementById("userInput").value;
        var message = document.getElementById("messageInput").value;
        connection.invoke("SendMessage", user, message).catch(function (err) {
            return console.error(err.toString());

This script creates a new connection to the hub using the "HubConnectionBuilder" class and the "/chat" endpoint. The "on" method is used to listen for messages from the hub. In this example, we're listening for the "ReceiveMessage" event and adding the message to a list in the HTML. The "start" method is used to start the connection.

The "catch" method is used to handle any errors that may occur while connecting or sending a message.

The script also adds an event listener to the "sendButton" element, which is used to send a message to the hub. The "invoke" method is used to call the "SendMessage" method on the hub, passing in the user and message.

In the HTML, you can add a form to get the user and message, and an unordered list to display the messages.

    <label for="userInput">User:</label>
    <input type="text" id="userInput" />
    <br />
    <label for="messageInput">Message:</label>
    <input type="text" id="messageInput" />
    <br />
    <button type="submit" id="sendButton">Send</button>
<ul id="messagesList"></ul>

This is a simple example of how to connect to a SignalR hub using JavaScript. You can customize it to fit your needs and add more functionality as needed. 

I hope that this tutorial helps you to understand how to connect to a SignalR hub using JavaScript. It's a powerful library that can add real-time functionality to your application easily, and it's supported by .NET Core, which makes it a great choice for web developers.

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